My first visit in this beautiful city was during my birthday in 1997. I fell in love right away of Florence and I focused to know it better through the study.
First of all, I studied the history and the arts in Italy and then I studied the topics in detail. I'm here! I'm writing my little story, but above all I wish to show you with my own words the arts in Florence.
The artists who are investigating the past have "reshaped" according to the tastes of the time the arts and today we know this thanks to Renaissance period.
The art in Florence, especially during the Medieval period, is religious. Cimabue and Giotto are the most important artist of this period, the latter with his intuitive perspective. Arnolfo was the master architect and sculptor who designed the façade of the cathedral in Florence. Unfortunately, it was demolished and today the remains are in the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo.
The art in Florence means also the Baroque style with the church of S. Michele and Gaetano. It was built with the Florentine typical materials "pietra forte". Here were located the prominent artists such as Pietro da Cortona and Luca Giordano.
The art in Florence is also the Neoclassical style, that is in 18th century. The Grand Duchy of Lorraine after the death of the last heir Gian Gastone de' Medici in 1737, revived the classical art but with a re-evaluation of the classical world and it was different from the Renaissance period. The beauty ideal consisted "in a perfect harmony of forms and in a sublime expression" (Winckelmann). The famous artists in the Renaissance's cradle are Sebastiano Ricci, Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Gaspare Vanvitelli, Bernardo Bellotto, Ademollo and so on.
Florence changes thanks to the great historical turning point in the 19th century with the Napoleonic period when the suppression of religious orders happened, incorporating assets in the equity of the state. The Grand Duchess Elisa Baciocchi, Napoleon's sister, surrounded herself with artists such as Canova, Lorenzo Bartolini,Giuseppe Cacialli, Pietro Benvenuti and she renovated and decorated the whole Pitti palace adopting the Empire style.
After the Unification of Italy Florence became the capital of the country. It undergoes the urban demolition, breaking down Arnolfo's walls to give space to the boulevards. The architect was Giuseppe Poggi.